Genocide, the British don’t want you to know about – They systematically starved to death over 60 millions of Eastern Indians!
British Colonials Starved to Death 60 million-plus Indians, But, Why?
by Ramtanu Maitra
July 3, 2015 EIR
The chronic want of food and water, the lack of sanitation and medical help, the neglect of means of communication, the poverty of educational provision, the all-pervading spirit of depression that I have myself seen to prevail in our villages after over a hundred years of British rule make me despair of its beneficence. — Rabindranath Tagore
If the history of British rule in India were to be condensed to a single fact, it is this: there was no increase in India’s per-capita income from 1757 to 1947.
Churchill, explaining why he defended the stockpiling of food within Britain, while millions died of starvation in Bengal, told his private secretary that “the Hindus were a foul race, protected by their mere pullulation from the doom that is their due.”
June 27— During its 190 years of looting and pillaging, the Indian Subcontininent as a whole underwent at least two dozen major famines, which collectively killed millions of Indians throughout the length and breadth of the land. How many millions succumbed to the famines cannot be fully ascertained. However, colonial rulers’ official numbers indicate it could be 60 million deaths. In reality, it could be significantly higher.
British colonial analysts cited droughts as the cause of fallen agricultural production that led to these famines, but that is a lie. British rulers, fighting wars in Europe and elsewhere, and colonizing parts of Africa, were exporting grains from India to keep up their colonial conquests—while famines were raging. People in the famineaffected areas, resembling skeletons covered by skin only, were wandering around, huddling in corners and dying by the millions. The Satanic nature of these British rulers cannot be overstated.
A Systematic Depopulation Policy
Although no accurate census figure is available, in the year 1750 India’s population was close to 155 million. At the time British colonial rule ended in 1947, undivided India’s population reached close to 390 million. In other words, during these 190 years of colonial looting and organized famines, India’s population rose by 240 million. Since 1947, during the next 68-year period, Indian Subcontininent’s population, including those of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, has grown to close to 1.6 billion. Thus, despite poverty and economic depravity in the post-independent Indian Subcontininent, during those 68 years population has grown by almost 1.2 billion.
Records show that during the post-independence period, the Subcontininent has undergone drought conditions in parts of the land from time to time, but there was no famine, although thousands still die in the Subcontininent annually due to the lack of adequate amount of food, a poor food distribution system, and lack of sufficient nourishment. It is also to be noted that before the British colonials’ jackboots got firmly planted in India, famines had occurred but with much less frequency—maybe once in a century.
There was indeed no reason for these famines to occur They occurred only because The Empire engineered them, intending to strengthen the Empire by ruthless looting and adoption of an unstated policy to depopulate India. This, they believed would bring down the Empire’s cost of sustaining India.
Take, for instance, the case of Bengal, which is in the eastern part of the Subcontininent where the British East India Company (HEIC, Honorable East India Company, according to Elizabeth I’s charter) had first planted its jackboots in 1757. The rapacious looters, under the leadership of Robert Clive—a degenerate and opium addict, who blew his brains out in 1774 in the London Berkley Square residence he had procured with the benefits of his looting—got control of what is now West Bengal, Bangladesh, Bihar, and Odisha (earlier, Orissa), in 1765. At the time, historical records indicate India represented close to 25% of the world’s GDP, second only to China, while Britain had a paltry 2%. Bengal was the richest of the Indian provinces.
Following his securing control of Bengal by ousting the Nawab in a devious battle at Plassey (Palashi), Clive placed a puppet on the throne, paid him off, and negotiated an agreement with him for the HEIC to become the sole tax collector, while leaving the nominal responsibility for government to his puppet. That arrangement lasted for a century, as more and more Indian states were bankrupted to facilitate future famines. The tax money went into British coffers, while millions were starved to death in Bengal and Bihar.
Clive, who was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1768 and whose statue stands near the British Empire’s evil center, Whitehall, near the Cabinet War Room, had this to say in his defense when the British Parliament, playing “fair,” accused him of looting and other abuses in India:
Consider the situation which the Victory of Plassey had placed on me. A great Prince was dependent upon my pleasure; an opulent city lay at my mercy; its richest bankers bid against each other for my smiles; I walked through vaults which were thrown open to me alone, piled on either hand with gold and jewels! By God, Mr. Chairman, at this moment I stand astonished at my own moderation.
However, Clive was not the only murderous British colonial ruler. The British Empire had sent one butcher after another to India, all of whom engineered looting and its consequent depopulation.
By 1770, when the first great famine occurred in Bengal, the province had been looted to the core. What followed was sheer horror. Here is how John Fiske in his American Philosopher in the Unseen World depicted the Bengal famine:
All through the stifling summer of 1770 the people went on dying. The husbandmen sold their cattle; they sold their implements of agriculture; they devoured their seed-grain; they sold their sons and daughters, till at length no buyer of children could be found; they ate the leaves of trees and the grass of the field. . . . The streets were blocked up with promiscuous heaps of the dying and dead. Interment could not do its work quick enough; even the dogs and jackals, the public scavengers of the East, became unable to accomplish their revolting work, and the multitude of mangled and festering corpses at length threatened the existence of the citizens…. 
Was there any reason for the famine to occur? Not if the British had not wanted it. Bengal, then, as now, harvested three crops a year. It is located in the delta of the Gangetic plain where water is more than plentiful. Even if drought occurs, it does not destroy all three crops. Moreover, as was prevalent during the Moghul days, and in earlier time, the surplus grain was stored to tide the population over if there were one or two bad crops.
But the looting of grains carried out by Clive, and his gang of bandits and killers, drained grain from Bengal and resulted in 10 million deaths in the great famine, eliminating one-third of Bengal’s population.
It should be noted that Britain’s much-touted industrial revolution began in 1770, the very same year people were dying all over Bengal. The Boston Tea Party that triggered the American Revolution had taken place in 1773. The Boston Tea Party made the Empire realize that its days in America were numbered, and led Britain to concentrate even more on organizing the looting of India.
Why Famines Became So Prevalent During the British Raj Days
The prime reason why these devastating famines took place at a regular intervals, and were allowed to continue for years, was the British Empire’s policy of depopulating its colonies. If these famines had not occurred, India’s population would have reached a billion people long before the Twentieth Century arrived. That, the British Empire saw as a disaster.
To begin with, a larger Indian population would mean larger consumption by the locals, and deprive the British Raj to a greater amount of loot. The logical way to deal with the problem was to develop India’s agricultural infrastructure. But that would not only force Britain to spend more money to run its colonial and bestial empire; it would also develop a healthy population which could rise up to get rid of the abomination called the British Raj. These massive famines also succeeded in weakening the social structure and backbone of the Indians, making rebellions against the colonial forces less likely. In order to perpetuate famines, and thus depopulate the “heathen” and “dark” Indians, the British imperialists launched a systematic propaganda campaign. They propped up the fraudster Parson Thomas Malthus and promoted his non-scientific gobbledygook, “The Essay on Population.” There he claimed:
This natural inequality of the two powers of population and of production in the earth, and that great law of our nature which must constantly keep their effects equal, form the great difficulty that to me appears insurmountable in the way to the perfectibility of society. All other arguments are of slight and subordinate consideration in comparison of this. I see no way by which man can escape from the weight of this law which pervades all animated nature.
Although Malthus was ordained in the Anglican Church, British Empire made him a paid “economist” of the British East India Company, which, with the charter from Queen Elizabeth I under its belt, monopolized trade in Asia, colonizing vast tracts of the continent using its well-armed militia fighting under the English flag of St. George.
Malthus was picked up at the Haileybury and Imperial Service College, which was also the recruiting ground of some of the worst colonial criminals. This college was where the makers of British Empire’s murderous policies in India were trained. Some prominent alumni of Haileybury include Sir John Lawrence (Viceroy of India from 1864-68) and Sir Richard Temple (Lt. Governor of Bengal and later, Governor of Bombay presidency).
While Parson Malthus was putting forward his sinister “scientific theory” to justify depopulation as a natural and necessary process, The British Empire collected a whole bunch of other “economists” who wrote about the necessity of free trade. Free trade played a major role in pushing through the Empire’s genocidal depopulation of India, through the British Raj’s efforts. In fact, free trade is the other side of the Malthus’ population-control coin.
By the time the great famine of 1876 arrived, Britain had already built some railroads in India. The railroads, which were touted as institutional safeguards against famines, were instead used by merchants to ship grain inventories from outlying drought-stricken districts to central depots for hoarding. In addition, free traders’ opposition to price control ushered in a frenzy of grain speculation. As a result, capital was raised to import grains from drought-stricken areas, and further the calamity. The rise of price of grain was spectacularly rapid, and grain was taken from where it was most needed, to be stored in warehouses until the prices rose even higher.
The British Raj knew or should have known. Even if the British rulers did not openly encourage this process, they were fully aware of it, and they were perfectly comfortable in promoting free trade at the expense of millions of lives. This is how Mike Davis described what happened:
The rise [of prices] was so extraordinary, and the available supply, as compared with well-known requirements, so scanty that merchants and dealers, hopeful of enormous future gains, appeared determined to hold their stocks for some indefinite time and not to part with the article which was becoming of such unwonted value. It was apparent to the Government that facilities for moving grain by the rail were rapidly raising prices everywhere, and that the activity of apparent importation and railway transit, did not indicate any addition to the food stocks of the Presidency . …retail trade up-country was almost at a standstill. Either prices were asked which were beyond the means of the multitude to pay, or shops remained entirely closed.
At the time, Lord Lytton, a favorite poet of Queen Victoria who is known as a “butcher” to many Indians, was the Viceroy. He wholeheartedly opposed all efforts to stockpile grain to feed the famine-stricken population because that would interfere with market forces. In the autumn of 1876, while the monsoon crop was withering in the fields of southern India, Lytton was absorbed in organizing the immense Imperial Assemblage in Delhi to proclaim Victoria Empress of India.
How did Lytton justify this? He was an avowed admirer and follower of Adam Smith. Author Mike Davis writes that Smith
a century earlier in The Wealth of Nations had asserted (vis-à-vis the terrible Bengal droughtfamine of 1770) that famine has never arisen from any other cause but the violence of government attempting, by improper means, to remedy the inconvenience of dearth, Lytton was implementing what Smith had taught him and other believers of free trade. Smith’s injunction against state attempts to regulate the price of grain during the 1770 famine had been taught for years in the East India Company’s famous college at Haileybury.
Lytton issued strict orders that “there is to be no interference of any kind on the part of Government with the object of reducing the price of food,” and “in his letters home to the India Office and to politicians of both parties, he denounced ‘humanitarian hysterics’.” By official diktat, India, like Ireland before it, had become a Utilitarian laboratory where millions of lives were gambled, pursuant to dogmatic faith in omnipotent markets overcoming the “inconvenience of dearth.”
The Great Famines
Depicting the two dozen famines that killed more than 60 million Indians would require a lot of space, so I limit myself here to those that killed more than one million:
The Bengal Famine of 1770: This catastrophicfamine occurred between 1769 and 1773, and affected the lower Gangetic plain of India. The territory, then ruled by the British East India Company, included modern West Bengal, Bangladesh, and parts of Assam, Orissa, Bihar, and Jharkhand. The famine is supposed to have caused the deaths of an estimated 10 million people, approximately one-third of the population at the time.
The Chalisa Famine of 1783-84: The Chalisa famine affected many parts of North India, especially the Delhi territories, present-day Uttar Pradesh, Eastern Punjab, Rajputana (now named, Rajasthan), and Kashmir, then all ruled by different Indian rulers. The Chalisa was preceded by a famine in the previous year, 1782-83, in South India, including Madras City (now named Chennai) and surrounding areas (under British East India Company rule), and in the extended Kingdom of Mysore. Together, these two famines had taken at least 11 million lives, reports indicate.
The Doji Bara Famine (or Skull Famine) of 1791- 92: This famine caused widespread mortality in Hyderabad, Southern Maratha Kingdom, Deccan, Gujarat, and Marwar (also called Jodhpur region in Rajasthan). The British policy of diverting food to Europe, of pricing the remaining grain out of reach of native Indians, and adopting agriculture policy that destroyed food production, was responsible for this one. The British had surplus supplies of grain, which was not distributed to the very people that had grown it. As a result, about 11 million died between 1789-92 of starvation and accompanying epidemics that followed.
The Upper Doab Famine of 1860-61: The 1860-61 famine occurred in the British-controlled Ganga-Yamuna Doab (two waters, or two rivers) area engulfing large parts of Rohilkhand and Ayodhya, and the Delhi and Hissar divisions of the then-Punjab. Eastern part of the princely state of Rajputana. According to “official” British reports, about two million people were killed by this famine.
The Orissa Famine of 1866: Although it affected Orissa the most, this famine affected India’s east coast along the Bay of Bengal stretching down south to Madras, covering a vast area. One million died, according to the British “official” version.
The Rajputana famine of 1869: The Rajputana famine of 1869 affected an area of close to 300,000 square miles which belonged mostly to the princely states and the British territory of Ajmer. This famine, according to “official” British claim, killed 1.5 million.
The Great Famine of 1876-78: This famine killed untold numbers of Indians in the southern part and raged for about four years. It affected Madras, Mysore, Hyderabad and Bombay (now called, Mumbai). The famine also subsequently visited Central Province (now called, Madhya Pradesh) and parts of undivided Punjab. The death toll from this famine was in the range of 5.5 million people. Some other figures indicate the number of deaths could be as high as 11 million.
Indian famine of 1896-97 and 1899-1900: This one affected Madras, Bombay, Deccan, Bengal, United Provinces (now called, Uttar Pradesh), Central Provinces, Northern and eastern Rajputana, parts of Central India, and Hyderabad: six million reportedly died in British territory during these two famines. The number of deaths occurred in the princely states is not known.
The Bengal Famine of 1943-44: This Churchill-orchestrated famine in Bengal in 1943-1944 killed an estimated 3.5 to 5 million people.
Relief Camps, or Concentration camps
There were several policy-arrows which Adolf Hitler might have borrowed from the British quiver to kill millions, but one that he borrowed for certain in setting up his death camps, was how the British ran the camps to provide “relief” to the starving millions. Anyone who entered these relief camps, did not exit alive.
Take the actions of Viceroy Lytton’s deputy, Richard Temple, another Haileybury product imbued with the doctrine of depopulation as the necessary means to keep the Empire strong and vigorous. Temple was under orders from Lytton to make sure there was no “unnecessary” expenditure on relief works.
According to some analysts, Temple’s camps were not very different from Nazi concentration camps. People already half-dead from starvation had to walk hundreds of miles to reach these relief camps. Additionally, he instituted a food ration for starving people working in the camps, which was less than that was given to the inmates of Nazi concentration camps.
The British refused to provide adequate relief for famine victims on the grounds that this would encourage indolence. Sir Richard Temple, who was selected to organize famine relief efforts in 1877, set the food allotment for starving Indians at 16 ounces of rice per day—less than the diet for inmates at the Buchenwald concentration camp for the Jews in Hitler’s Germany. British disinclination to respond with urgency and vigor to food deficits resulted in a succession of about two dozen appalling famines during the British occupation of India. These swept away tens of millions of people. The frequency of famine showed a disconcerting increase in the nineteenth century.
It was deliberate then, and it’s deliberate now.
THE EXCERPT FROM “RT” ARTICLE:
“Why the British should apologise to India (by Shashi Tharoor)”
…The centenary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre is the right occasion for Britain to apologise for the evils of colonialism.
Two years ago, on the UK publication of my book Inglorious Empire: What The British Did to India, I took the unusual step of demanding an apology from Britain to India. I even suggested the time and place – the centenary, on April 13, 2019, of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar. This single event was in many ways emblematic of the worst of the “Raj”, the British Empire in India.
The background to the massacre lay in the British betrayal of promises to reward India for its services in the First World War. After making enormous sacrifices, and an immense contribution in men and materiel, blood and treasure, to the British war effort, Indian leaders expected to be rewarded with some measure of self-government. Those hopes were belied.
When protests broke out, the British responded with force. They arrested nationalist leaders in the city of Amritsar and opened fire on protestors, killing ten. In the riot that ensued, five Englishmen were killed and an Englishwoman assaulted (though she was rescued, and carried to safety, by Indians). Brigadier General Reginald Dyer was sent to Amritsar to restore order; he forbade demonstrations or processions, or even gathering in groups of more than three.
The thousands of people who had gathered in the walled garden of Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate the major religious festival of Baisakhi were unaware of this order. Dyer did not seek to find out what they were doing. He took a detachment of soldiers in armoured cars, equipped with machine-guns, and without ordering the crowd to disperse or issuing so much as a warning, ordered his troops to open fire from close quarters. They used 1,650 rounds, killed at least 379 people (the number the British were prepared to admit to; the Indian figures are considerably higher) and wounded 1,137. Barely a bullet, Dyer noted with satisfaction, was wasted.
Dyer did not order his men to fire in the air, or at the feet of their targets. They fired, on his orders, into the chests, the faces, and the wombs of the unarmed, screaming, defenceless crowd. After it was over, he refused permission for families to tend to the dead and the dying, leaving them to rot for hours in the hot sun, and inflicted numerous other humiliations on Indians, from forcing them to crawl on their bellies on a street, where an Englishwoman had been assaulted (and beating them with rifle butts if they lifted their heads), to pettier indignities like confiscating electric fans from their homes.
Dyer never showed the slightest remorse or self-doubt.
This was a “rebel meeting,” he claimed, an act of defiance of his authority that had to be punished. “It was no longer a question of merely dispersing the crowd” but one of producing a ‘moral effect’ that would ensure the Indians’ submission. He noted that he had personally directed the firing towards the five narrow exits because that was where the crowd was most dense:“the targets,” he declared, “were good.”
News of Dyer’s barbarism was suppressed by the British for six months, and when outrage at reports of his excesses mounted, an attempt was made to whitewash his sins by an official commission of enquiry, which only found him guilty of ‘grave error’. Finally, as details emerged of the horror, Dyer was relieved of his command and censured by the House of Commons, but promptly exonerated by the House of Lords and allowed to retire. Rudyard Kipling, the flatulent poetic voice of British imperialism, hailed him as ‘The Man Who Saved India’.
Even this did not strike his fellow Britons as adequate recompense for his glorious act of mass murder. They ran a public campaign for funds to honour his cruelty and collected the quite stupendous sum of £26,317, 1s 10d, worth over a quarter of a million pounds today. It was presented to him together with a jewelled sword of honour.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was no act of insane frenzy but a conscious, deliberate imposition of colonial will. Dyer was an efficient killer rather than a crazed maniac; his was merely the evil of the unimaginative, the brutality of the military bureaucrat. But his action that Baisakhi day came to symbolize the evil of the system on whose behalf, and in whose defence, he was acting.
Everything about the incident – the betrayal of promises made to India, the cruelty of the killings, the brutality and racism that followed, the self-justification, exoneration and reward – collectively symbolized everything that was wrong about the Raj.
It represented the worst that colonialism could become, and by letting it occur, the British crossed that point of no return that exists only in the minds of men – that point which, in any unequal relationship, both ruler and subject must instinctively respect if their relationship is to survive…
1. Davis, Mike. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World, London, Verso Books, 2001.
2. Madhusree Mukerjee, Churchill’s Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India during World War II, New York: Basic Books.
3. Davis, op. cit.
6. Bhatia, B.M., Famines in India, A Study in Some Aspects of the Economic History of India, 1860-1945, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1963.
Dr Ramtanu Maitra
A specialist on South Asian Affairs who operates out of Washington D.C. Ramtanu Maitra specialises on strategic and infrastructural developmental studies with the focus on South Asia.
He holds a Masters Degree in Structural Engineering and was working as a Senior Project Engineer with the Nuclear Power Services, Secaucus, NJ.
Ramtanu Maitra participated in developing a document, India: An agro-industrial superpower by 2020, in 1981.
He established and published a quarterly journal, Fusion Asia, on science, technology, energy and economics from New Delhi for more than 10 years (1984-1994).
He wrote and published the first feature report on India’s high-energy physics program based in PRL, Ahmedabad. Prepared and published a detailed report on Ganges River Valley Development that was presented at an international conference inaugurated by the late president of India, Shri K.R. Narayanan, then Minister for Planning.
He participated on behalf of Fusion Asia on a feasibility study that also involved the Mitsubishi Research Institute (Tokyo) and the Thai Citizen Forum. Presented papers at a number of international conferences on strategic infrastructures in Bogota, Colombia, Tokyo, Japan, Kolkata, Indore, Madurai, Indore, New Delhi, among other Indian cities.
In 1994, Shri Maitra established New Delhi bureau for Asia Times, a Bangkok-based news daily published simultaneously from Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and New York.
Presently, he conducts research, analysis, writing on international economic and strategic developments for publications internationally, including: Foresight (Japan); Aakrosh, Agni, Indian Defense and Technology (India); Asia Times Online (Hong Kong); and Executive Intelligence Review (USA).
Ramtanu Maitra is a regular columnist with the Executive Intelligence Review (EIR), a news weekly published from Washington DC. He writes columns for Asia Times of Hong Kong, Frontier Post of Peshawar and some other newspapers in Asia on South Asian political economy and Asian security. He has written on terrorism in a number of publications in the United States and India.
MORE ARTICLES BY DR MAITRA >
Reblogged this on Javanen.net.
An empire of savagery and barbarism. And they still will not admit to it.
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As an English person, I do admit it and I am utterly ashamed of our history, it was evil barbaric and we cheated. Though I myself am not evil and I’d like to think the majority of brits these days are not.
This government still practises divide and rule – Genocide by stealth is in place in the UK thousands of people with illness and disabilities have been systematically wiped put since Cameron took office ..In Cameron’s first speech he said the most vulnerable in society will be taken care of what he actually meant was they would be taken out as they have been in their thousands -people are also committing suicide at an alarming rate .Sanctioned suicides taking their own lives as oppose to waiting around to freeze /starve to death. I don’t know how the British keep getting away with so many atrocities is it perhaps that they blackmail and bribe each other because of their untoward behaviour.. All this cruelty past and present breaks my heart and its all down to greed the pigs at the trough are never sated ..I hope that one day when these criminals are lonely and old that all those murdered by the state will come back to haunt them and drive them mad.
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It needs no comment .Everyone has a heart to understand without a comment except those dogs and jackals in human forms who looted,plundered and murdered millions to snatch the bounty to make their Britain great.
dogs nn jackals? ! why insult animals? Brit is evil- satan.
We all are suffering from the same “Diasease of society” (collective neurosis), the alienation from the true self and from (lost) culture.
All such Genocide in India by Rascist Britishers with the help of the then Dwijas so called Municiff and Karanam,Mulla,Mouli,Marvari and Sindhi who are their pet and paid Indian Native Dogs.All these dogs are ornamented with Zamindars and so forth feel Pride titles.This is what blinding any one with their own Fingers.
Interesting, whenever it’s about the British, you all consider every nom but human.
My Great Aunt, Lady Constance Carnegie wife of The Viceroy, my Great Uncle Victor Bruce, were advised by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur, Bengal Magistrate (Top Official) for Bengal and Jagannath Temple President. His Father Lord Elgin The previous Viceroy, asked Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura to retire from administrative duties to help his Son Lord Victor Bruce. and Daughter in Law. My Grandfather Robert F. Carnegie acted as their Aid De Camp. Grandfather then went to South Africa to assess the situation there. The Boer War was engaged in genocidal policies. Another Great Aunt, Lady Helena Mariota Carnegie had Served H.M. Queen Victoria as a Lady in Waiting. This was an era when Monarchy was only a “Figurehead” and very dirty politics had all but established a coup d’etat. of the entire British Empire. The Malthusian Doctrine is now thankfully discredited. Christianity is also very thankfully on the rise once more! This is a hopeful sign.
All of you good people out there, try doing some research on the mud flood. You’ll soon realise that we’ve all been lied to regarding real history. Evidence of such an event is so obvious that you’ll wonder why you never noticed it before ; )
There are now several historians who have unearthed the truth behind the imperial adventures in India, and other countries. Britain destroyed the Indian economy and then began nearly two hundred years of deplorable exploitation, torture and murder. The saying was the empire was based on ‘The Bible, boots and brandy.’ The boots, by the way were employed as weapons with which to inflict severe or fatal injury on people.William Dalrymple is essential reading for information about the end of the Mughuls and the total savagery of the British who destroyed Delhi and massacred its inhabitants. Shashi Tharour is also a must read to grasp the whole avaricious and deadly occupation of India by Britain. There never was a ‘Great Britain’ only a relatively small number artistocrats and their servants, and their badly educated, unwashed foot soldiers, and a government in Britain that simply did not care, not even about their own people who lived in terrible poverty and squalor.
My, my why did we not get this is history at school.
Because the British lied, killed and starved people in India, the Boers in South Africa, the Irish and how many on the American continent as well as many others. They thought they were superior to everyone else
They still do and certain groups of people are still being starved today…nothing has changed..and no one can stop them no one even tries it has become acceptable ..
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Over 10 million Iranians at the beginning of the 20th century, by starvation and embargo of wheat to Iran.Mr. Majd has written a book about this genocide in Iran.
The only History I was Taught about India ,was about the great hero Clive of India & what he achieved for the then expanding English Empire not one word about these massive.murders of the Indian Nation by Starvation, or the Boars in South Africa, Or the mass murder of the Irish people same method Starvation & Many more country’s who suffered the same fate, The murder of 6 million Jews by Hitler. Which we were told about , which was a horrendous act , same vile acts Committed though out the Known world to the mass murder by the English Crown committed in India and other nations under There infamous Flag the Butchers Apron , Winston Churchill one of England’s greatest leaders was a mass murderer responsible for the mass murder of millions of Indians & other nations by their chosen method of Starvation , Joe Sweeney,ii
I would like to recommend a book, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. It explains how The British turned locals from subsistence farming to growing export crops for The Crown. They did this through taxing the locals in British pounds. How did the Africans get pounds? By working for The British. But you can’t eat flowers, so millions starved.
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Some believe the Indians will get an apology from the British, but I have reservations.
Humans do not deserve to starve to death nor butchered. All life are precious and sacred. Tell Modi to stop killing people from Kashmere because they are human too.
Modi and the RSS are no less than the British tyrants who murdered millions of Innocent people , The law of KARMA will soon prevail, they are the creators of their own destruction. God willing the Kashmiri people will get Autonomy of Kashmir. And the Indian community who believe in Humanity will soon find out the Truth of their leader who is bringing their country down like what the British clolonialist did to India in the past…..Modi and his counterparts have no Humanity and will Destroy India ultimately….wot a Shame the educated are keeping silent, We the Indian community in RSA are proud and live in Harmony, with Freedom of Religion and Love with all ethnic groups, The Modi government should really learn from the Indian/Muslim communities in RSA a Real Successful Model.
The most interesting fact that I learned from the above (I am no friend of British, Belgian, Dutch, German, Japanese, French, Italian, Russian and USA Imperialism and have had few illusions about any benign results) is that prior to British Raj the Indian subcontinent had in place a system of grain storage for famine relief such as is reported Ancient Egypt had instituted under the supposed Dream Advice given by Joseph to the Pharaoh. We need to institute some kind of modern system so as to address relief from the famines likely to result from Climate Change world wide. Modern Industrial society, with its planned obsolescence and throw away economics, all the while raping the land and Climate of its productive capacity have disrupted the world economic and life giving systems established over billions of years, just as the British Raj did to the Indian economic, ecojustice systems imperfect as they probably were.
During the Anglo-Boer War (199-1902) one sixth of the population of the Transvaal and Orange Free State republics, mostly women and children, died in the infamous British Concentration Camps, dubbed “Refugee camps” to hide it’s real purpose. To this day the British queen refuses to acknowledge this and to say they are sorry.
Article was written by a structural engineer, NOT an historian.
But if you repeat propaganda often enough, the useful idiots will treat it as gospel without checking first.
OH Precious people of India. My heart is sick. May The mercy and kindness not found in the british barbarism of your nation be withheld from them as well
extermination of human beings by the so called leaders still go on in the form of wars nowdays how about the ed indians red indians they do not exsist anymore the actoricities of columbus people must learn to live with the enviroment and their cultures as we do not choose our births and deaths whq has given them the authority to control others -did they get a mandate from god /??????
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i believe the MBE OBE are offensive reminders of a barbaric empire admired by Adolf Hitler OBC MBC a better choice if we have to be reminded Order or Member of British commonwealth
The First Partition of Poland – took place in 1772, the first of the three partitions of Poland that took place at the end of the 18th century. Made by way of the assignment of the territory of the First Polish Republic by Prussia, the Habsburg Empire and the Russian Empire. The IV hidden state that contributed to the destruction of POLAND, i.e. the largest empire in this part of Europe was Great Britain. Great Britain failed to keep to military agreements when Germany invaded Poland in 1939
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The fact that the British empire committed various atrocities around the globe as part of the expansion of Western imperialism is not disputed. I welcome this critical work of Dr Ramtanu Maitra, and fully supports its central (anti-imperialist) thesis. However, there are a number of dialectical issues in this article that I feel require addressing to add clarity to the situation. Dr Ramtanu Maitra appears not to be a leftist (I.e. Marxist-Leninist) and works for the bourgeois (capitalist) press. He carefully pursues a dialectical path that separates British imperialism from the underlying (predatory) capitalism that inspires it (to the extent that the two are never associated). Famines existed prior to the arrival of the British in India and were not ‘invented’ by the British in India as a deliberate policy (as suggested in this article), but the obviously exploitative nature of British policy in the region a) did not improve the situation of the Indian people (as British apologist propaganda often suggests), and b) increased the regularity, severity and intensity of the famines and droughts experienced by the native populations (leading to the deaths of millions). The indigenous (Indian) people were fully exploited, as were the British (White) working class, although an argument can be made that the British (White) working class was exploited to a lesser degree, due to the privileged position it enjoyed throughout the British empire, where it was not only forced to carry-out the destructive policies of the bourgeoisie, but served as an indispensable intermediary between the ruling (and dominating) bourgeoise and the native populations that were to be controlled and exploited. The British (White) working class also served as soldiers and police officers who (whilst acting under the guise of maintaining ‘law and order’) ‘protected’ the bourgeoisie from any retaliatory (or ‘Revolutionary’) action initiated by the indigenous population against the invading (British) bourgeoisie. The argument that Dr Ramtanu Maitra makes that calls for the modern Nation State of the UK to ‘apologise’ to the modern Nation State of India appears distinctly ‘Trotskyite’ in nature. What is the point of a ‘capitalist’ UK apologising to a ‘capitalist’ India? Particularly as the modern UK can be described as distinctly more ‘Socialistic’ (since the Labour founded the NHS and Welfare State in 1948) in its institutes and outlooks than modern ‘capitalist’ India, whose voting population has seen fit to elect the fascistic BJP in recent years, and where millions of Indians still die annually of starvation? The rhetoric of this article is not ‘Socialist’, but Indian ‘Nationalist’ along the lines of the BJP and such historical (anti-Soviet) Indian leaders as Chandra Bose (1897-1945). If the UK should ‘apologise’ to India, then India should apologise to the world (and its own suffering masses) for becoming ‘capitalist’ in 1947 (when the British Labour Party granted it ‘Independence’), whilst its politicians deliberated rejected the ‘Socialism’ the Indian people so desperately required, instead adopting a pro-Western and anti-Communist position in the world. Genuine Marxist-Leninists should be very careful before associating themselves with this type of Trotskyite (distorted) narrative. This article is neither ‘Marxist’ nor ‘Leninist’, but smirks of the very nationalistic racism it claims to be exposing and uprooting!
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I LEARNED THIS IN SCHOOL
Such brutal actions of Britishers can never be appreciated. These are unhuman behaviour no doubt. We need to think on what is now happening in the world. We can not forget about similar brutal happening in Bosnia,Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan,Vietnam, Palestine, and now happening in Kashmir. Who are to be blamed for all this. UNO was not existing when the British did in India , but now the UNO and Human Rights Authorities are well in place but no body is taking action to check such brutalities happening in the world. We claimed to be living in Civilized society but still happening of such brutal actions are not being checked.
The Indians greatly outnumbered the British.
If they were smarter, they could have easily taken back control… but they weren’t.
They were too busy fucking each other and feeling sorry for themselves.
You just have to look at India today to realise that we could make better use of their land. Filthy people shitting and pissing in the street and wiping the faeces off with their hands.
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The earliest true concentration “death camps” I have read about were devised and implemented by thd British in the Boer Wars.
In those camps Boer women and children were accosted and thrown into guarded pens with ragged tents in Winter and given very little food or water.
In very short time children started dying off, women dying soon thereafter.
No food. No sufficient shelter or blankets. No medical treatment.
The next major historical story I read about actual death camps were the so called Eisenhower death camps where hundreds of thousands of POWs were illegally reclassified as DEFs and then thrown into barbed wire surrounded open fields.
No shelters of any kind.
No medical attention.
Very little food (600 to 1000 calories a day)
Very little water.
Death rates approached 20%.
Of course the records were fudged to hide the deaths, yet they showed up anyway because they kept records of how many went in, and eventually how many went out.
The totals were around 1.1 million dead from deliberate neglect in violation of Geneva Convention regarding POWs.
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